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Archive for the ‘Propoganda in the Media’ Category

  On September 11, 2001, we can see the heading news about terrorist attack in every medium; we can see the videos of airplane crashing into the World Trade Center be repeated and repeated again on TV. All these news and images were spread to the world quickly and caused panic among many people.

   In the immediate aftermath of the attacks, the Bush administration announced a war on terrorism, with the stated goals of bringing Osama bin Laden and al-Qaeda to justice and preventing the emergence of other terrorist networks. As before, the speech was broadcast again and again in many media, and was spread around the world.

   Because the media system keep reporting Bush administration’s announcement, as long as the repeated attacking image, many people started to believe that the invasion of Iraq is the just war. And as Bush said, it is for the world peace.

   The television companies and news agencies seem like helping the government to do the propaganda indirectly, they try to convince the citizens that we should support the war. Audiences who rely entirely on the television and newspaper as only information resources  can easily believe it, they might think Iraq as a horrible country without even know anything about their culture or background.

    Due to the ownership in old media system, the government has more chance to control the news that is going to be aired. Undoubtedly, this is also the most effective way to persuade the citizens and ask agreements for some big issues such as launching a war. 

    However, because of the new public sphere like Internet, people can express the different opinions from television or newspaper. For example, during the Iraq war, lots of people had formed different groups to against the war on the website; some of  them such as photographers and journalists went to Iraq and showed us the real life there by putting articles and photos on their blog; and some people even used these photos to make moving videos and spread them widely on Internet.

      There is a bunch of voices to against the war that can not be seen in the old medium. Without the ownership, everyone has equal rights to express their views and spread them to one another.

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   We can find another example of the propaganda by the media in North Korea. All the media in North Korea is being controlled by the government and the main party, Workers’ Party of Korea. It means that it’s impossible for them to make the news against the government. The media usually focus on the admiration of their president, Kim Jung-il, the excellence of their political system and the hostility against the States.

admiration of Kim Jung-il

     Because of this closed media system, even though North Korea have a hard time with economy and the relationship with other country, they can still maintain their political system with few resistance.

    Actually, many North Korean people believe the media is reality itself since they don’t have an opportunity to get other media having different perspectives. Therefore, one might say if the media system was not governed and more open than now, the status of North Korea would be totally changed.

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    Historically, the old media has been used to make certain biased ideas. Let me give you an example. 

   During the Second World War period, there were two people who used the media as a very effective tool to help Adolf Hitler exercise the power for a long time in Germany. They successfully persuade German people to support the aggressive war and the annihilation of civilian populations.

    One person was Paul Joseph Goebbels, who was one of Adolf Hitler’s closest assistant and most devout followers, also known for his powerful oratory. As a propaganda minister, he spread the radio to all the German public for free to deliver his propaganda message successfully.

second world war, the family tuning in to hear the news on the radio.

 Also he used very sophisticated techniques of the modern propaganda. He believed that a lie, if repeated enough times, will be believed by the masses, and actually it worked.

       The other person was the woman called Leni Riefenstahl. She was a German film director, actress and dancer, but widely regarded as an aesthetical and innovational film maker.

Leni Riefenstahl

Her most famous film was ‘Triumph of the Will’ and a propaganda film made at the 1934 Nuremberg congress of the Nazi Party.

After her death the Associated Press described Riefenstahl as an “acclaimed pioneer of film and photographic techniques”, but it is quiet obvious that her films contributed to making a good image of Hitler and the Nazi by using some techniques.

Triumph od the Will

By those two people, the media in Germany at that time was used as a very effective tool to stereotype some ideas in people’s mind. And indeed, German people were manipulated by those persuasive and biased media.

      No doubt, media has had a great impact on the way people believe, think and behave. Especially, traditional media such as television, radio and newspaper have been a main channel that influenced people’s idea or even their belief.

     In the next article, I’m going to post another example of the propoganda bt the media.

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